What causes hair loss in men

Hair loss is a common problem for men, with about 66% of males experiencing some form of hair loss by the age of 35. There are many possible causes of male baldness including heredity, medication side effects, stress, and more. In this blog post we will discuss some common causes of hair loss in men and how you can treat it.

1. Male pattern baldness

Male pattern baldness is the most common type of male hair loss, with over 95% of cases attributed to this type. It occurs when dihydrotestosterone (DHT), an androgen or “male” hormone, begins to attach itself onto the hair follicles. This causes miniaturisation of the follicle and eventual loss of all proper function which results in male pattern baldness. Male pattern baldness is hereditary and over 90% of men who experience it can attribute its cause to heredity from either their mother’s or father’s side. There are many other factors that may contribute to male pattern baldness, including stress and a stressful lifestyle, medications with DHT, and malnutrition.

Treatments for male pattern baldness include the use of medications, transplants using hair from other parts of the body which are then attached to where balding is occurring, or laser therapy.

2. Low testosterone levels

Testosterone is the hormone responsible for hair growth in men. With lower levels of testosterone, there won’t be enough hormones to help grow your beard or other body hair. Low testosterone levels in men can also contribute to male pattern baldness by increasing DHT production. Testosterone is converted into DHT, which can also be caused by medications.

Testosterone replacement therapy has been found helpful for men with low testosterone to prevent hair loss.

An at home testosterone test is a convenient way to measure the levels of testosterone in the blood to assess whether these are in line with the normal ranges.

3. Stress and anxiety

Stress and anxiety are common causes of hair loss in men. Stress can cause you to pull out your hair at the root or it could cause telogen effluvium, which is when an unusually high amount of hairs enter into the resting phase (telogen) at one time. If you’re suffering from anxiety-related hair loss, there are some things you can do like meditation or practicing deep breathing exercises to help alleviate this type of stress. When you have less stress, your body produces more testosterone which will help with any male pattern baldness that may be caused by low testosterone levels or medications.

4. The natural aging process

The natural aging process is another common reason for losing your hair, as you lose about 100 strands of hair a day to the natural process. As we get older, our body produces less androgenic hormones like testosterone that help produce thicker, healthier locks. Hair will also become more brittle as you age which can cause split ends and breakage easily. The lack of blood flow in your scalp because of aging could be another cause of hair loss in men as well.

When you’re young and still producing a lot of testosterone, your body is much more capable to maintain thick locks that will last for years to come. As we get older and our bodies produce less testosterone, it becomes harder for the body to keep up with the demand for thick, healthy hair.

5. Medications

There are many different types of medications (such as spironolactone, Ketoconazole, Cimetidine, Chemotherapy drugs and certain antidepressants) that can cause your body to produce less testosterone, which can trigger baldness or thinning hair if you already have low levels of the hormone due to genetics or aging. Two examples of medication that may reduce the amount of testosterone produced by your body are chemotherapy drugs and blood pressure medications.

6. Vitamin deficiencies

Vitamin deficiencies can cause hair loss in men. The most notable vitamin that will help with thick, healthy locks is Biotin, which is a common ingredient found in many different types of shampoos and conditioners designed specifically for people who suffer from thinning or male pattern baldness. You can also take a Biotin supplement to help increase the amount of this vitamin in your body. You could also try to eat a biotin-rich diet with plenty of:

  • Egg yolks
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Legumes
  • Liver
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Mushrooms
  • Bananas
  • Broccoli
  • Avocados